In academic writing, you must refer to your sources and cite them correctly. The demands may vary between different studies and fields, so “correctly” in this context is a very broad concept. Some use name/year in parenthesis, others use numbers in parenthesis, some use numbers superscripted, others use name/year in the footnote system.
There are many different citation styles: APA, MLA and Vancouver are just a few. Each academic field has its own preferences, and there is often an academic organisation behind a style. For instance, health studies tend to follow the NLM or Vancouver style, while interdisciplinary fields in the humanities or social studies tend to use the APA or Harvard.
If you need help with a specific style, you can find guides or tutorials on the web, but be sure to check the original sources. Below you can get an overview over the styles you can choose from, and which fields of research they belong to. Ask your supervisor, if you are in doubt about which one to choose.
|ACS||Chemistry||American Chemical Society||ACS Style Guide||E-book||Numerical1,
Numerical(1) or Name/year
|American Medical Association||AMA Manual of Style||E-book||Numerical1|
*7th is published but is not yet used at SDU.
Int. dic. HUM + SOC.SCIENCE + HEALTH
|American Psychological Association||Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th||Book, order in Library Catalogue||Name/year|
|APA Style 6th, blog||Blog|
|CBE||Biology||Council of Biology Editors Style Manual Committee||CBE Style Manual||Book, order in Library Catalogue||Numerical(1) or Name/year
|University of Chicago||Chicago Manual of Style||E-book||Name/year
Int. dic. SOC. SCIENCE + TECH+HEALTH
|Harvard follows the standard DS/ISO 690.
Harvard has no officiel institution (Chernin, 1988), so use the ISO standard as the set of rules.
|DS/ISO 690:2010 (English ed.)
DS/ISO 690:2013 (Danish ed.)
|Access the standard via SDUB's online ressources.
Choose SDU as institution, when you log in, then you'll reach a WAYF login, where you must use your SDU-credentials to log in with.
|Modern Language Association||MLA Handbook||Book, order in Library Catalogue||Name/year|
|MLA Style Center||Webpage|
|National Library of Medicine||Citing Medicine||E-book||Numerical(1)|
|Council of Science Editors||Scientific Style and Format||E-book||Numerical(1) or Name/year|
|International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)||Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts||Webpage||Numerical(1)|