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Cite correctly

In academic writing, you must refer to your sources and cite them correctly. The demands may vary between different studies and fields, so “correctly” in this context is a very broad concept. Some use name/year in parenthesis, others use numbers in parenthesis, some use numbers superscripted, others use name/year in the footnote system.

There are many different citation styles:  APA, MLA and Vancouver are just a few. Each academic field has its own preferences, and there is often an academic organisation behind a style. For instance, health studies tend to follow the Vancouver style, while interdisciplinary fields in the humanities or social studies tend to use the APA or Harvard.

If you need help with a specific style, you can find guides or tutorials on the web, but be sure to check the original sources. Below you can get an overview over the styles you can choose from, and which fields of reserach they belong to. Ask your supervisor, if you are in doubt about which one to choose.

Reference styles

ABBREVIATION FIELD INSTITUTION TITLE FORMAT TYPE
ACS Chemistry American Chemical Society ACS Style Guide E-book Numerical1,
Numerical(1) or Name/year
AMA/JAMA Medicine
HEALTH
American Medical Association AMA Manual of Style E-book Numerical1
APA Psychology,
Int. dic. HUM + SOC.SCIENCE + HEALTH
American Psychological Association Publication manual of the American Psychological Association Book, order in Library Catalogue Name/year
APA Style Webpage
CBE Biology Council of Biology Editors Style Manual Committee CBE Style Manual Book, order in Library Catalogue Numerical(1) or Name/year
Chicago/
Turabian
History
Law
University of Chicago Chicago Manual of Style E-book Name/year
(footnote)
Harvard Business
Int. dic. SOC. SCIENCE + TECH
Harvard has no officiel institution.
Harvard follows the standard DS/ISO 690:2010 w. rules for order and content. Variations in layout are accepted, as long as they are consistent. 
Eks: Complete guide to referencing and avoiding Plagiarism, kap. 6.

DS/ISO 690:2010
E-book

The standard can be requested at SDUB.
Name/year
MLA HUMANITIES
Litterature
Language
Modern Language Association MLA Handbook Book, order in Library Catalogue Name/year
MLA Style Center Webpage
NLM Medicine
HEALTH
National Library of Medicine Citing Medicine E-book Numerical(1)
SSF TECH
SCIENCE
Council of Science Editors Scientific Style and Format E-book Numerical(1) or Name/year
Vancouver
Medicine
HEALTH
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Webpage Numerical(1)
Tools for reference management

SDU offers you access to IT tools which can help you manage your references. As a student or employee at SDU you have free access to the programme Endnote.

Get more info

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